One of the joys of where we live is being able to experience all of the four seasons, although sometimes this can result in extreme temperatures. Residents should be aware of the effects of extreme heat and extreme cold when they are at work and play.
During our summer months we tend to watch the weather to find out just how nice the day is going to be. While monitoring the temperatures we also need to pay attention to days when there is high humidity; it is on these days we need to consider what it is we will be doing and how we will be going about work or play. It is important to stay safe during extreme temperatures. Avoid working or exercising intensely if it is very hot or humid outside, and head for cooler conditions if your body becomes overheated. If you are looking for something to do that day consider a location that has air conditioning. The Town Innisfil utilizes the libraries as cooling centres on extremely hot days.
If working outdoors is an absolute necessity, drink plenty of liquids and take frequent rest breaks. Be sure to maintain salt levels in your body and avoid high-protein foods. Also ensure that pets are protected from the heat and have plenty of water to drink. Watch for signs of serious medical conditions, such as heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Failure to take the proper precautions may result in heat exhaustion and heat stroke. The Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit and Environment Canada have important information on dealing with extreme heat.
As the winter weather approaches we begin to watch the wind blow and the temperature drop. With that we need to start thinking about extreme temperatures and what to do on those days that it is so cold we dread going outdoors. The Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit and Environment Canada have important information on dealing with extreme cold some of which include:
Covering exposed skin (exposed skin can become frostbitten in 30 seconds).
Wearing a hat (up to 40% of body heat loss can occur through the head).
Wearing gloves or mittens and a scarf to protect the chin, lips and cheeks.
Keeping children indoors if the temperature falls below –25°C, or if the wind chill is –28°C or greater. (Canadian Paediatric Society)
Drinking warm fluids – but NOT caffeinated or alcoholic beverages as they cause your body to lose heat more rapidly.
If you start to sweat, cool off a little (wet clothes can freeze).
Wear clothes in layers: inner layer, middle layer and outer layer.
Keep moving. Limit time sitting – stand up and move around.
Take shelter from the wind – this can reduce wind chill exposure.
Always be alert for signs of frostbite and hypothermia.
Plan ahead – listen to the weather forecast.